Menstrual Glossary A to Z

Uterine Fibroids

Relatively common non-cancerous growths (benign tumors) within the walls of the uterus, sometimes also called leiomyomas or myomas. In many cases, myomas are small enough to result in no symptoms. Some women experience muscular uterine pain and very heavy bleeding during the menstrual period. Can impact fertility in some cases.

The exact causes of uterine fibroids are unknown but believed to be linked to estrogen levels. Symptoms may include: heavier bleeding than usual during menstruation, unusual menstrual cramping, back pain, pressure on nearby organs such as the bladder.

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