Menstrual Glossary A to Z

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is believed to be a severe, disabling form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), thought to occur in about 5 percent of women in their reproductive years.

When five or more of the following symptoms regularly occur prior to menstruation and recede or cease with or after menstruation, PMDD may be the diagnosis: sadness/despair, tension/anxiety, panic, mood swings, irritability/anger, trouble concentrating, fatigue, insomnia, sensation of loss of control, physical symptoms (breasts swelling, abdominal bloating, headaches).

Current research points to a predisposition, possibly inheritable, that may be altered by a woman's hormonal cycle (although no overall differences in reproductive hormone levels have been found in research comparing women with and without PMDD).

Disclaimer: All information provided in this glossary is for educational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for advice provided by a medical doctor or qualified healthcare provider. You should not use this information for self-diagnosis or for treating a health problem or disease. If you have any questions whatsoever about your medical health or believe you have a medical problem or disease, you should contact your medical doctor or healthcare provider. You should never disregard medical advice or delay seeking medical advice or treatment because of something you have read in this glossary. No guarantee is made about the accuracy, completeness, or relevance of the information contained herein.